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not, semantic groups and you can lexicogrammatical groups commonly when you look at the a single-to-you to definitely dating

not, semantic groups and you can lexicogrammatical groups commonly when you look at the a single-to-you to definitely dating

Figure: This can be a great configurational sensation that consists of aspects. Which semantic category means experience due to the fact a setup away from a process, the players you to definitely participate in the procedure, and you may associated Participants (elizabeth.g. he dont come to the new class).

Element: This is certainly an elemental trend. The three types of elements for the a figure could be the Techniques (getting, elizabeth.grams. is; creating, age.grams. walk; feeling, elizabeth.g. see; stating, age.g. contend), Fellow member (something, e.grams. son, recipe; otherwise a good, e.g. partly cloudy), and Condition (day, e.grams. today; trends, e.g. carefully; extent, age.g. getting fifteen minute; an such like.). A fourth particular function ‘s the Relator (elizabeth.grams. thus, because), and this functions ranging from figures for the sequences given that a construal off logico-semantic interactions.

Sequence: This can be a complicated sensation that contains rates associated temporally, causally, etc. g. he cannot come to the fresh new party, but he’ll post their pupils; he dont come to brand new people as the he has got work to do) or enterprise it (elizabeth.grams. I think he do not started to this new class; he states, “I cannot reach the newest class”).

Most other mappings are you can easily; sequences, numbers and factors just like the semantic tips to have construing feel is realized incongruently (metaphorically). That is, a given semantics is grammaticalised in many ways apart from the newest congruent method. Incongruent terms is also known as grammatical metaphor, or incongruent mappings/realisations. Consider the after the analogy (off Halliday and you may Matthiessen 1999, 227, along with discussed in the Teich 2003).